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Turismo Siracusa

Turismo Siracusa

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LEGENDE VARIE LINGUE



TOURIST MAP by Antonio Randazzo: http://www.antoniorandazzo.it/sculture/index.html

According to historians Syracuse was a PENTAPOLI formed by five cities:

1)-ORTIGIA, (Ortix), quail, the islet attached to the mainland by an embankment. The ISLAND OF horticulture has an area of less than one square km, or about 0.650 square km. The longest longitudinal axis is about 1660 meters including the Maniace Castle. The maximum width is 660 meters from the Belvedere St Giacomo to Marina. The ground floor is at the back of donkey shaped, and the highest altitude is shown at the corner of Duomo and Street Minerva, (mark n.15 ), 18,561mts over sea level;
2)-AKRADINA, (Acrades), wild pear, that included the territory between the Umbertina zone and the present Maria Politi Laudien street;
3)-TICHE, (tsiche), figs, according to Tucidide. In tiche there was a temple dedicated to the Goddess Fortuna. Its territory included between Santa Panagia and the BALZA AKRADINA and wedged between Neapolis and Akradina on the border with a limit to present Hospital Umberto I°
4) EPIPOLI, (upper town), which was sparsely inhabited. At the summit of the northern border,at today Belvedere fraction, was the fortress called Eurialo, (wide-headed nail), considered the most complex work for military engineering of the antiquity. The fortress was never conquered and the defenders had the honor of the weapons, from the Romans who conquered Syracuse with the deception and betrayal of the Spanishborn Merico;
5)- NEAPOLIS, (new city), the current area is Archaeological Park. The pentapolis was surrounded by about 28 km of great built walls, erected  by the tyrant Dionysius.
After the Roman conquest, Syracuse decayed and became impoverished without ever recovering.
In the course of history the city and all of Sicily, subdued the conquest of more than ten peoples and, above all, the Spanish who dominated it from January 23rd 1516, with the ascent to the throne of Spain of Charles 5th,and ended on June 10th, 1713, with the signature of the peace of Utrecht, which sanctioned the passage of the island from Philip 5th to Vittorio Amedeo 2nd of Savoy dynasty.  
The Borboni’s dominated from 1734 to 1860, and, at this time, begins the history of Italy.
Syracuse is not a city like others, but, the city that owns in itself all others cities have on partially.
Syracuse is the history of Sicily from Sicilian origins to today time.

We must contemplate the panorama, under the moonlight from the Fontana Aretusa and what we feel    is the love for the Ellade, the homeland of every thoughtful spirit”
-Ferdinand gregorovius : Walks through Italy.


The history of Syracuse, in the Greek epoch, opens in the second half of the 8th century B.C, with the Greek colonization; the polis was called  Syrákousai, by the Greeks (in ancient Greek: Συράκουσαι). 
The centre of town, located on the southeast coast of Sicily, corresponds today Syracuse, an Italian chief town.
Born as a colony of Corinth, the polis soon grew up in a very short time, founding itself other colonies in Sicily. 
Time later, the city had to suffer alternation of numerous tyrants; among the main ones that the city had, are quoted Gelone, the first aretuseo tyrant, coming from Gela, that endowed the polis with a numerous army and one of the most powerful fleets of the Mediterranean Sea ;
Dionysus 1st of Syracuse, considered as the prototype of absolute power, led the polis to a great expansion by founding colonies even along the Adriatic Sea, east coast of Italy.
Agatocle, was the first tyrant that took the name of King, and in fact he is remembered for having titled himself King of Sicily and Africa.
Gerone, finally King 2nd the tyrant who established an almost democratic government than tyranny, guided Syrakousai during difficulties, when Rome began to conquest the Sicily.
But Syrakousai knew not tyrannies only, in fact it also lived moments of Republic, which did not stop however the war conflicts that  found itself facing, like that one with Ducezio King of the Sicilians and his synteleia. 
Syrakousai was also the main theatre of the epic clash with Athens, which, during the Peloponnesian war, attacked the security of polis with the intent to conquer it, but its plans failed, thanks also to the made alliance of Syrakousai  with Sparta.
The polis lived more than half a millennium as a protagonist of its time, until the conquest by Rome, and this occurred in 212 B.C. after a long siege. 
It was one of the last polis of Sicily to fall under Roman rule.              
Among its illustrious inhabitants, we should mention Archimedes, an ancient mathematician from Syracuse who, with his brilliant inventions and discoveries, made his fundamental contribution to the course of knowledge of scientific history.
Historians agree that Syrakousai was the largest metropolis in the ancient Greek world.
 
 
SPECIFICATION :

Archeology
Medieval castles and towers
Churches, Palaces, Monuments
Curiosities
Spanish fortifications
Medieval neighborhoods
Utility





LEGEND :

0-ANCIENT VEGETABLE MARKET
00-Antonio Randazzo’s native house
1-Harbour main office
01-New Quarter
1-b-Old Custom  Office
2-Umbertino Bridge
2-b-Post office-Trieste street
3-Lucchetti Palace  
4-Old Urban Gate
5-Grand Hotel Palace
6-Chamber of Commerce Palace
7-Marina Old Gate
8-Church of the Miracles
9-Saint Paul Apostle Church
10-Temple of Apollo
11-Ancient Market
12-Market  De Benetictis street
13-Old Borboni prison
14-Post and Telegraph Palace
14-b- Spanish fortification
15-Parking talete
16-Saint Giovannello bastion
16-b-Spanish fortification
17-DISTRICT GRAZIELLA
18-Basilica of Saint Peter Apostle
19-Reformed Carmelite Convent
20-Saint Peter al Carmine Church
20-b-Gargallo Palace
21-Monastery of the Retreat
22-Abela Palace
23-Saint Thomas Church
24-Saint Christoforo Church
25-DISTRICT OF COOPERS
25-b-archeology  Matteotti’s main street
26-Greek Palace INDA
27-Post-earthquake gravestone 1693
28-Abela Palace
29-Archimede’s Square
30-Fountain of Diana
31-Palace of the Clock
32-Lanza Bucceri Palace
33-Gargallo’s Palace
34-Pupillo’s Palace
35-Bank of Sicily Palace
36-Montalto’s Palace
37-Structure of walls of the Greek age
37-b-Our Lady of the Angels
38-Church of the Four Saints crowned
38-b-Post office of 4 Saints crowned street
39-NEIGHBORHOOD Quarter
40-Gargallo’s Palace of Gargallo street
40-b-Church of the Knights of Malta
41-Saint Philip Neri Convent
42-bongiovanni’s Palace
43-DISTRICT MASTRARUA
44-Interlandi palace
44-b-Saint Philip Neri Church
45-Blanco Mezio Palace
46-Native house and tombstone of Elio vittorini
47-Impellizzeri Palace
48-Bozzanca-La Rocca Palace
49-Convent of Saint Agostino
50-Pisacane Palace
51-Impellizzeri’s Palace
52-Bucceri-Cassone Palace
53-Pancali’s Palace
54-Home Danieli-Rizza Palace
55-Reale-Riscica’s Palace
56-Migliaccio-Reale Palace
57-Palace Blanco
58-Ardizzone’s Palace
59-St Francis from Assisi-The Blessed Virgin Church
60-Convent of Saint Francis from Assisi
61-DISTRICT FOR WORKERS
62-Romeo-Bufardeci Palace
63-Regina’s Palace
64-Teresian Church
65-Spagna’s Palace
66-Zapata-Gargallo Palace
67-Landolina-Bonanno Palace
68-Impellizzeri-Vianisi Palace
69-Palace of the Prefecture
70-Interlandi-Landolina Palace-Pizzuti
71-Dumontier Palace
72-Old Regional Council
73-Our Lady of Conception Monastery
74-Our Lady of Conception Church
75-JEWISH DISTRICT
76-Church of S, Philip
77-Old Jewish bathroom
78-Vigliena fortress
79-St Giovannello Church
80-Convent of Friers – Papyrus Museum
81-Midiri-Cardona Palace
82-Randazzo Renato home
83-Urban Old Teater
84-Saint Joseph Church
85-Rau Palace
86-Saint Dominic Church
87-Saint Dominic Monastery
88- Holy Maria Aracoeli Convent
89- Holy Maria Aracoeli Church
90- Holy Anna Church
91- NEIGHBORHOOD TURBA
92- Church of Jesus and Mary
93- Regional Gallery of Bellomo Palace
94- Holy Maria of Montevergini Church
95-Steri Magno
96-Church of Holy Martin
97- Holy Teresa Church
98- Holy Cross Monastery
99- Platania-Fortezza Palace
100-Church of the Holy Spirit
101-Castle Maniace
102-Blanco Furmica Palace
103-NEIGHBORHOOD MANIACE
104- Bastion aretusa
105- Source aretusa
106- Palace migliaccio
107- Monastery of the five plagues
108- Holy Maria of Montevergini Church
109- Holy Lucia alla Badia Church
110- Borgia Palace
111- Former Archaeological Museum
112- Underground of Duomo Square
113- Archbishop Palace
114- Swabian Chapel
115- Alagonian Library
116- Cathedral-Temple of Athena
117-DISTRICT OF CATHEDRAL
118-Arezzo’s Palace
119-Beneventano’s Palace
120-Vermexio Palace
121-Ionian temple
122-Salvatore Chindemi house
123-Chiaramonte Palace
124-Francica  Nava Palace
125-Jesuit College Church
126-Old public Pillory
127-Convent of the Jesuits
128- Fountain of the Slaves
129- Health  House
130-Spanish stores
131-Holy Lady of Pompei Church
131-b-Marieth Castle
132- Post Office Palermo Street
132-b- House of the mutilated
132-c- The sailors area
133-Urban Center
133-b-Ex GIL
134- Car park
135-Local Police Department
136- Ancient Roman road
137-Syracuse Forum
138-Church of the Pantheon
139-Roman gymnasium
140- Seaplane Base
141-Ex Bordi tomatoes factory
142-Ex SPERO factory
143-Olimpeion
144-Remains of inhabited
144-b-Tombs of Greek Age
145-Remains of archaic walls
146-Central Railway Station
146-b-Post office sele street
147- Remains of inhabited
148-Remains of Hellenistic dwellings
149-House of Sixty beds
150-House of flow of tears of Our Lady
151-Byzantine thermal baths
152-Greek Docks Yard
153-Remains of the Hellenistic period
154-Catacombs Holy Lucia
155-Holy Lucia tomb
155-Church of Holy Lucia at the Sepulchre
157-Sunday market
158-Post office Piave Street
159-Municipal stadium
160-Leone Luigi Cuella Square
161-ANCIENT AKRADINA
162-Archaeological excavations P. della Vittoria square
163-Hypogeon of Crypt Sanctuary
164-Sanctuary of Our Lady
165-Archaeological remains from the Greek era
166-Holy Rita Church
167-Remains of urban system and roads
168-Remains of arcade and temple Hellenistic age
169-ticket office Neapolis
170-Camp School Pippo Di Natale
171-Saint Nicolò ai cordari Church
172-Roman amphitheatre
173-Jerone Area
174-tecnopark Archimede’s
175-Greek Theatre
176-Route of graves
177-Ninfeo water falls
178-Tower sighting Greek theatre
179-Ear of Dionisium
180-Latomy of Holy Venera
181-ANCIENT NEAPOLIS
182-Roman row of niches (cemetery)
183-Remains of classical age
184-Hellenistic thermal baths
185-Remains of walls and cryptoporticus Roman age
186-Hellenistic tomb
187-Hyghest Salvatore Church
188-Latomy of the Carratore
189-Villa Reimann and Necropolis
190-Catacombs of Saint John
191-Mausoleum Politi
192-Archaeological Museum Paolo Orsi
193-Underground of Landolina villa
194-Parking area
195-Catacombs of Vigna Cassia
196-Hypogeum of Holy Mary of Jesus
197-latomy Napoli street
198-Coastal latomies
199-Monument to war fallen
200-Bicycle track Rossana Majorca
201-Church of  Capuchins Friars
202-Latomy of the Capuchins friars Church
202-b-Post office Avenue Tunis
203-Remains of classic age temple
204-Sport equipped area Concetto Lo Bello
205-ANCIENT TICHE
206-latomy of Casale’s house
207-Carabiniers Main Headquarter
208-Sacred Heart of Jesus
209-Post office Avenue Zecchino
210-Post office Avenue Santa Panagia
211-Necropolis Mazzanti
212-Watchtower tower of Villa Modica
212-b-Police Headquarter of Syracuse
213-Pizzuta Tower
214-Church of St Anthony of Padua
214-b-Church of Saint Francis of Assisi
14-c-Post office Monte Bianco Street
215-Dionysian walls
215-b-ANCIENT EPIPOLI
216-Eurialo Castle
217-Castle of Targia
218-Port refuge Targia
218-b-Port Stentino
219-Dionigian walls road
220-Targia Watchover tower
221-Ancient rotary Scale Greek
222-Scea ancient gate
223-Hellenistic necropolis
224-Targia Beach
225-Leon
226-Small beach Targia
227-Archaeological area village Stentinello
228-Water spring of doves
229-Tunny nets Santa Panagia
230-Rocky Church Santa Panagia
231-Church of the Holy Family
232-Church of St Metodio
233-Church of St Corrado Confalonieri
234-Church of Holy Cave
235-Private Club of local artists by Antonio randazzo
236-Watchtower tower Bosco Minniti
237-Church of Bosco Minniti
238-Bosco Minniti Park
239-Monument to Archimedes by Antonio Randazzo
240-War Cemetery
241-Supposed Ciane’s temple (Rocky Scandurra area)
242-Tapsos area  (Medium bronze age)

OUT OF MAP :

243-Belvedere Village
244-cassibile Village
245-Ognina Marine area
246-Remains of  monumental tomb (Mondjo)
247-Bronze Necropolis Middle age
248-Bollards Punta della Mola/Massolivieri
249-Bollards Punta Ognina
250-Early Christian church, remains of chamber tombs
251-Early Christian necropolis White Springs
252-Paleochristian necropolis White Springs
253-Coastal Latomy Point of Dog -White fountains
254-Traces of wheelbarrows  Plemmirio district
255-Roman Villa Contrada Mottava district
256-Hypogean Gallitto-Matrensa
257-Plemmirio Reserve
258-Tower Cuba
259-Tower Landolina
260-Tower Milocca
261-Tower Mottava
262-Tower Ognina
263-Tower Round 
 
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